PROFOUND CHANGES IN CEREBROSPINAL FLUID PROTEOME AND METABOLIC PROFILE ARE ASSOCIATED WITH CONGENITAL HYDROCEPHALUS

Alicia Requena Jimenez, Mohammad Nabiuni, Jaleel Miyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aetiology of congenital hydrocephalus (cHC) has yet to be resolved. cHC manifests late in rodent gestation, and by 18-22 weeks in human fetuses, coinciding with the start of the major phase of cerebral cortex development. Previously we found that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulation is associated with compositional changes, folate metabolic impairment and consequential arrest in cortical development. Here, we report a proteomics study on hydrocephalic and normal rat CSF using LC-MSMS and a metabolic pathway analysis to determine the major changes in metabolic and signalling pathways. Non-targeted analysis revealed a proteome transformation across embryonic days 17-20, with the largest changes between day 19 and 20. This provides evidence for a physiological shift in CSF composition and identifies some of the molecular mechanisms unleashed during the onset of cHC. Top molecular regulators that may control the shift in the CSF metabolic signature are also predicted, with potential key biomarkers proposed for early detection of these changes that might be used to develop targeted early therapies for this condition. This study confirms previous findings of a folate metabolic imbalance as well as providing more in depth metabolic analysis and understanding of cHC CSF
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 12 Jul 2021

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