Properties of liquid water from a systematic refinement of a high-rank multipolar electrostatic potential

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    We build on previous work [S. Y. Liem and P. L. A. Popelier, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 4, 353 (2008)], where for the first time, a high-rank multipolar electrostatic potential was used in molecular dynamics simulations of liquid water at a wide range of pressures and temperatures, and using a multipolar Ewald summation. Water is represented as a rigid body, with atomic multipole moments defined by quantum chemical topology partitioning its gas phase electron density. The effect of the level of theory on the local structure of liquid water is systematically addressed. Values for Lennard-Jones (LJ) parameters are optimized, for both oxygen and hydrogen atoms, against bulk properties. The best LJ parameters were then used in a set of simulations at 30 different temperatures (1 atm) and another set at 11 different pressures (at 298 K). Inclusion of the hydrogen LJ parameters significantly increases the self-diffusion coefficient. The behavior of bulk properties was studied and the local water structure analyzed by both radial and spatial distribution functions. Comparisons with familiar point-charge potentials, such as TIP3P, TIP4P, TIP5P, and simple point charge, show the benefits of multipole moments. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number174504
    JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
    Issue number17
    Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2010


    • atomic moments
    • Lennard-Jones potential
    • liquid structure
    • liquid theory
    • self-diffusion
    • water


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