Protein-protein interactions in paralogues: electrostatics modulates specificity on a conserved steric scaffold

Stefan Ivanov, Andrew Cawley, Roland G Huber, Peter J. Bond, James Warwicker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    An improved knowledge of protein-protein interactions is essential for better understanding of metabolic and signaling networks, and cellular function. Progress tends to be based on structure determination and predictions using known structures, along with computational methods based on evolutionary information or detailed atomistic descriptions. We hypothesized that for the case of interactions across a common interface, between proteins from a pair of paralogue families or within a family of paralogues, a relatively simple interface description could distinguish between binding and non-binding pairs. Using binding data for several systems, and large-scale comparative modeling based on known template complex structures, it is found that charge-charge interactions (for groups bearing net charge) are generally a better discriminant than buried non-polar surface. This is particularly the case for paralogue families that are less divergent, with more reliable comparative modeling. We suggest that electrostatic interactions are major determinants of specificity in such systems, an observation that could be used to predict binding partners.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2017


    • Protein-protein interactions
    • protein electrostatics
    • protein specificity
    • paralogue families


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