Prototype finline-coupled TES bolometers for ClOVER

Michael D. Audley, Robert W. Barker, Michael Crane, Roger Dace, Dorota Glowacka, David J. Goldie, Anthony N. Lasenby, Howard M. Stevenson, Vassilka Tsaneva, Stafford Withington, Paul Grimes, Bradley Johnson, Ghassan Yassin, Lucio Piccirillo, Giampaolo Pisano, William D. Duncan, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Lrwin, Carl D. Reintsema, Mark Halpern

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    CLOVER is an experiment which aims to detect the signature of gravitational waves from inflation by measuring the B-mode polarization of the cosmic microwave background. CLOVER consists of three telescopes operating at 97, 150, and 220 GHz. The 97-GHz telescope has 160 feedhorns in its focal plane while the 150 and 220-GHz telescopes have 256 horns each. The horns are arranged in a hexagonal array and feed a polarimeter which uses finline-coupled TES bolometers as detectors. To detect the two polarizations the 97-GHz telescope has 320 detectors while the 150 and 220-GHz telescopes have 512 detectors each. To achieve the target NEPs (1.5, 2.5, and 4.5x10^-17 W/rtHz) the detectors are cooled to 100 mK for the 97 and 150-GHz polarimeters and 230 mK for the 220-GHz polarimeter. Each detector is fabricated as a single chip to ensure a 100% operational focal plane. The detectors are contained in linear modules made of copper which form split-block waveguides. The detector modules contain 16 or 20 detectors each for compatibility with the hexagonal arrays of horns in the telescopes' focal planes. Each detector module contains a time-division SQUID multiplexer to read out the detectors. Further amplification of the multiplexed signals is provided by SQUID series arrays. The first prototype detectors for CLOVER operate with a bath temperature of 230 mK and are used to validate the detector design as well as the polarimeter technology. We describe the design of the CLOVER detectors, detector blocks, and readout, and present preliminary measurements of the prototype detectors performance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationhost publication
    Publication statusPublished - May 2006
    EventSeventeenth International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology - Observatoire de Paris, LERMA. Paris, France.
    Duration: 10 May 200612 May 2006

    Conference

    ConferenceSeventeenth International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology
    CityObservatoire de Paris, LERMA. Paris, France.
    Period10/05/0612/05/06

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