Psychological and Psychosocial Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Patients With Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Systematic Review

Hugo Senra, António Filipe Macedo, Nuno Nunes, Konstantinos Balaskas, Tariq Aslam, Emilia Costa

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Abstract

Objective: To review the current literature on psychosocial and psychological interventions to prevent and treat depression and anxiety in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: The authors conducted a systematic review of literature evaluating psychosocial and psychological interventions for depression and anxiety in patients with AMD. Primary searches of PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Science Direct were conducted to include all articles published up to April 21, 2018. Results: Of a total of 398 citations retrieved, the authors selected 12 eligible studies published between 2002 and 2016. The authors found nine randomized controlled trials (RCT), and three non-randomized intervention (NRI) studies. RCT studies suggested that interventions using group self-management techniques and individual behavioral activation plus low vision rehabilitation can be effective to treat and prevent depression in patients with AMD, and one study suggested that a stepped-care intervention using cognitive-behavioral techniques can be effective to manage anxiety and depression over time. NRI studies highlighted a positive effect of self-help and emotion-focused interventions to reduce depression. Conclusion: Clinical practice with patients with AMD can rely on some tailored cognitive-behavioral therapeutic protocols to improve patients’ mental health, but further clinical trials will generate the necessary evidence-based knowledge to improve those therapeutic techniques and offer additional tailored interventions for patients with AMD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Early online date7 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • age-related macular degeneration
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • psychological intervention
  • Psychosocial intervention
  • vision disorders

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