Quantitative measures of meniscus extrusion predict incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis - data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

K Emmanuel, E Quinn, J Niu, A Guermazi, F Roemer, W Wirth, F Eckstein, D Felson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that quantitative measures of meniscus extrusion predict incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis (KOA), prior to the advent of radiographic disease. METHODS: 206 knees with incident radiographic KOA (Kellgren Lawrence Grade (KLG) 0 or 1 at baseline, developing KLG 2 or greater with a definite osteophyte and joint space narrowing (JSN) grade ≥1 by year 4) were matched to 232 control knees not developing incident KOA. Manual segmentation of the central five slices of the medial and lateral meniscus was performed on coronal 3T DESS MRI and quantitative meniscus position was determined. Cases and controls were compared using conditional logistic regression adjusting for age, sex, BMI, race and clinical site. Sensitivity analyses of early (year [Y] 1/2) and late (Y3/4) incidence was performed. RESULTS: Mean medial extrusion distance was significantly greater for incident compared to non-incident knees (1.56 mean ± 1.12 mm SD vs 1.29 ± 0.99 mm; +21%, P <0.01), so was the percent extrusion area of the medial meniscus (25.8 ± 15.8% vs 22.0 ± 13.5%; +17%, P <0.05). This finding was consistent for knees restricted to medial incidence. No significant differences were observed for the lateral meniscus in incident medial KOA, or for the tibial plateau coverage between incident and non-incident knees. Restricting the analysis to medial incident KOA at Y1/2 differences were attenuated, but reached significance for extrusion distance, whereas no significant differences were observed at incident KOA in Y3/4. CONCLUSION: Greater medial meniscus extrusion predicts incident radiographic KOA. Early onset KOA showed greater differences for meniscus position between incident and non-incident knees than late onset KOA.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)262-269
    Number of pages7
    JournalOsteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Incident knee osteoarthritis
    • Meniscus extrusion
    • Meniscus position
    • Meniscus position risk factor for knee osteoarthritis

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