Quantum dot Rabi rotations beyond the weak exciton-phonon coupling regime

D. P S McCutcheon, Ahsan Nazir

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    We study the excitonic dynamics of a driven quantum dot under the influence of a phonon environment, going beyond the weak exciton-phonon coupling approximation. By combining the polaron transform and time-local projection operator techniques, we develop a master equation that can be valid over a much larger range of exciton-phonon coupling strengths and temperatures than in the case of the standard weak-coupling approach. For the experimentally relevant parameters considered here, we find that the weak-coupling and polaron theories give very similar predictions for low temperatures (below 30 K), while at higher temperatures we begin to see discrepancies between the two. This is because, unlike the polaron approach, the weak-coupling theory is incapable of capturing multiphonon effects, while it also does not properly account for phonon-induced renormalization of the driving frequency. In particular, we find that the weak-coupling theory often overestimates the damping rate when compared to the polaron theory. Finally, we extend our theory to include non-Markovian effects and find that, for the parameters considered here, they have little bearing on the excitonic Rabi rotations when plotted as a function o f pulse area. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number113042
    JournalNew Journal of Physics
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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