Quercetin as a simple but versatile primer in dentin bonding

Kang Li, Hongye Yang, Huiyi Yan, Yuhong Sun, Xiaohui Chen, Jingmei Guo, Jiaxi Yue, Cui Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Poor bonding stability remains the “Achilles' heel”of dentin bonding, a simple and effective approachto inhibit the activities of both exogenous collagenases and endogenous MMPs, and prevention of the growth of bacterial biofilm is therefore highly demanded. In the present study, a quercetin/ethanol solution was developed as a multifunctional primer to pretreat the dentin surface during adhesive restoration. The results showed that pretreatment with quercetin/ethanol solutions (0.5 and 1.0 wt%) on the dentin surface effectively preserved the bonding strength after one-month of collagenase aging (p< 0.05). Irrespective of aging, lower nanoleakage expression and less cohesive failure in dentin were observed in the quercetin-treated groups (p< 0.05). Compared with the control group, the in situ zymography test revealed that the 0.5 and 1.0 wt% quercetin-treated dentin effectively inhibited MMP activity, while their contact angles significantly increased. Live/dead bacterial staining and the MTT assay demonstrated that the 0.5 and 1.0 wt% quercetin groups exerted significant bactericidal effects while inhibiting biofilm growth of Streptococcus mutans (p <0.05). We believe that a quercetin/ethanol solution might serve as a simple but versatile primer to provide dentists with a promising approach to obtain desirable bonding stability and to prevent secondary caries, thereby preventing the frequent replacement of resin-based restorations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36392
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Early online date21 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017


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