QUIJOTE scientific results - V. The microwave intensity and polarization spectra of the Galactic regions W49, W51 and IC443

D Tramonte, RT Genova-Santos, JA Rubino-Martin, P Vielva, F Poidevin, CH Lopez-Caraballo, MW Peel, M Ashdown, E Artal, RB Barreiro, FJ Casas, E de la Hoz, M Fernandez-Torreiro, F Guidi, D Herranz, RJ Hoyland, AN Lasenby, E Martinez-Gonzalez, L Piccirillo, R ReboloB Ruiz-Granados, F Vansyngel, RA Watson

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Abstract

We present new intensity and polarization maps obtained with the QUIJOTE experiment towards the Galactic regions W49, W51 and IC443, covering the frequency range from 10 to 20 GHz at ∼ 1 deg angular resolution, with a sensitivity in the range 35-79 μ K beam-1 for total intensity and 13-23 μ K beam-1 for polarization. For each region, we combine QUIJOTE maps with ancillary data at frequencies ranging from 0.4 to 3000 GHz, reconstruct the spectral energy distribution and model it with a combination of known foregrounds. We detect anomalous microwave emission (AME) in total intensity towards W49 at 4.7σ and W51 at 4.0σ with peak frequencies ν AME =(20.0 ± 1.4) GHz and ν AME=(17.7 ± 3.6) GHz, respectively; this is the first detection of AME towards W51. The contamination from ultracompact H ii regions to the residual AME flux density is estimated at 10 per cent in W49 and 5 per cent in W51, and does not rule out the AME detection. The polarized SEDs reveal a synchrotron contribution with spectral indices αs = -0.67 ± 0.10 in W49 and αs = -0.51 ± 0.07 in W51, ascribed to the diffuse Galactic emission and to the local supernova remnant, respectively. Towards IC443 in total intensity we measure a broken power-law synchrotron spectrum with cut-off frequency ν 0,s =(114 ± 73) GHz, in agreement with previous studies; our analysis, however, rules out any AME contribution which had been previously claimed towards IC443. No evidence of polarized AME emission is detected in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3432-3459
Number of pages28
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume519
Issue number3
Early online date12 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • ISM: individual objects: W49, W51, IC443
  • radiation mechanisms: general
  • radio continuum: ISM

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