Randomized Clinical Trial of Dialysate Cooling and Effects on Brain White Matter

M T Eldehni, A Odudu, C W McIntyre

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    Hemodialysis is associated with significant circulatory stress that could produce recurrent and cumulative ischemic insults to multiple organs, such as the brain. We aimed to characterize hemodialysis-induced brain injury by longitudinally studying the effects of hemodialysis on brain white matter microstructure and further examine if the use of cooled dialysate could provide protection against hemodialysis-associated brain injury. In total, 73 patients on incident hemodialysis starting within 6 months were randomized to dialyze with a dialysate temperature of either 37 degrees C or 0.5 degrees C below the core body temperature and followed up for 1 year. Brain white matter microstructure was studied by diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and follow-up (38 patients available for paired analysis). Intradialytic hemodynamic stress was quantified using the extrema points analysis model. Patients on hemodialysis exhibited a pattern of ischemic brain injury (increased fractional anisotropy and reduced radial diffusivity). Cooled dialysate improved hemodynamic tolerability, and changes in brain white matter were associated with hemodynamic instability (higher mean arterial pressure extrema points frequencies were associated with higher fractional anisotropy [peak r=0.443, P
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJ Am Soc Nephrol
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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