Among the compensatory mechanisms restoring circulating blood volume after severe haemorrhage, increased vasopressin secretion enhances water permeability of distal nephron segments and stimulates Na+ reabsorption in cortical collecting tubules via epithelial sodium channels (ENaC). The ability of vasopressin to upregulate ENaC via a cAMP-dependent mechanism in the medium to long term is well established. This study addressed the acute regulatory effect of cAMP on human ENaC (hENaC) and thus the potential role of vasopressin in the initial compensatory responses to haemorrhagic shock. The effects of raising intracellular cAMP (using 5 mmol/L isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) and 50 μmol/L forskolin) on wild-type and Liddle-mutated hENaC activity expressed in Xenopus oocytes and hENaC localisation in oocyte membranes were evaluated by dual-electrode voltage clamping and immunohistochemistry, respectively. After 30 min, IBMX + forskolin had stimulated amiloride-sensitive Na+ current by 52 % and increased the membrane density of Na+ channels in oocytes expressing wild-type hENaC. These responses were prevented by 5 μmol/L brefeldin A, which blocks antegrade vesicular transport. By contrast, IBMX + forskolin had no effects in oocytes expressing Liddlemutated hENaC. cAMP stimulated rapid, exocytotic recruitment of wild-type hENaC into Xenopus oocyte membranes, but had no effect on constitutively overexpressed Liddle-mutated hENaC. Extrapolating these findings to the early cAMP-mediated effect of vasopressin on cortical collecting tubule cells, they suggest that vasopressin rapidly mobilises ENaC to the apical membrane of cortical collecting tubule cells, but does not enhance ENaC activity once inserted into the membrane. We speculate that this stimulatory effect on Na+ reabsorption (and hence water absorption) may contribute to the early restoration of extracellular fluid volume following severe haemorrhage. © University of Navarra 2012.
- Renal ENaC