Rationalisation of anomalous pseudo-contact shifts and their solvent dependence in a series of C3-symmetric lanthanide complexes

Michele Vonci, Kevin Mason, Elizaveta A. Suturina, Andrew T. Frawley, Steven G. Worswick, Ilya Kuprov, David Parker, Eric Mcinnes, Nicholas Chilton

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    Abstract

    Bleaney’s long-standing theory of magnetic anisotropy has been employed with some success for many decades to explain paramagnetic NMR pseudo-contact shifts, and has been the subject of many subsequent approximations. Here, we present a detailed experimental and theoretical investigation accounting for the anomalous solvent dependence of NMR shifts for a series of lanthanide(III) complexes, namely [LnL1] (Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb; L1: 1,4,7-tris[(6-carboxypyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1,4,7-triazacyclononane), taking into account the effect of subtle ligand flexibility on the electronic structure. We show that the anisotropy of the room temperature magnetic susceptibility tensor, which in turn affects the sign and magnitude of the pseudo-contact chemical shift, is extremely sensitive to minimal structural changes in the first coordination sphere of L1. We show that DFT structural optimisations do not give accurate structural models, as assessed by the experimental chemical shifts, and thus we determine a magneto-structural correlation and employ this to evaluate the accurate solution structure for each [LnL1]. This approach allows us to explain the counter-intuitive pseudo-contact shift behaviour, as well as a striking solvent dependence. These results have important consequences for the analysis and design of novel magnetic resonance shift and optical emission probes that are sensitive to the local solution environment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)14166-14172
    JournalAmerican Chemical Society. Journal
    Volume139
    Issue number40
    Early online date8 Sept 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Sept 2017

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