Recent advances in additive manufacturing of patient-specific devices for dental and maxillofacial rehabilitation

Monireh Kouhi, Isaac j. De souza araújo, Farah Asa’ad, Lubna Zeenat, Sri sai ramya Bojedla, Falguni Pati, Ali Zolfagharian, David c. Watts, Marco c. Bottino, Mahdi Bodaghi

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Customization and the production of patient-specific devices, tailoring the unique anatomy of each patient's jaw and facial structures, are the new frontiers in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. As a technological advancement, additive manufacturing has been applied to produce customized objects based on 3D computerized models. Therefore, this paper presents advances in additive manufacturing strategies for patient-specific devices in diverse dental specialties.

This paper overviews current 3D printing techniques to fabricate dental and maxillofacial devices. Then, the most recent literature (2018–2023) available in scientific databases reporting advances in 3D-printed patient-specific devices for dental and maxillofacial applications is critically discussed, focusing on the major outcomes, material-related details, and potential clinical advantages.

The recent application of 3D-printed customized devices in oral prosthodontics, implantology and maxillofacial surgery, periodontics, orthodontics, and endodontics are presented. Moreover, the potential application of 4D printing as an advanced manufacturing technology and the challenges and future perspectives for additive manufacturing in the dental and maxillofacial area are reported.

Additive manufacturing techniques have been designed to benefit several areas of dentistry, and the technologies, materials, and devices continue to be optimized. Image-based and accurately printed patient-specific devices to replace, repair, and regenerate dental and maxillofacial structures hold significant potential to maximize the standard of care in dentistry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-715
Number of pages16
JournalDental Materials
Issue number4
Early online date24 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024


  • 3D printing`
  • 4D printing
  • Patient-specific treatment
  • Image-based devices
  • Dentistry
  • Maxillofacial Regeneration


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