Refractive changes associated with oblique viewing and reading in myopes and emmetropes

Hema Radhakrishnan, W. Neil Charman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The effect of brief periods of monocular oblique viewing on axial refractive error in myopes and emrnetropes; was studied in 20 normal subjects. Refractive error and higher order aberrations were measured either with the subjects head positioned such that the subject looked straight into an aberrometer with the right eye or the subject's head rotated to the right or left by approximately 30° so that the subject had to make an eye rotation of the same angle to see the aberrometer's, fixation target. In the first experiment, 10 measurements of wavefront aberration were taken over a period of 3 min at each head position. The refractive changes with oblique viewing showed high levels of intersubject vaniability. Some subjects showed evidence of systematic change in refraction with oblique viewing. All subjects showed pupil constriction. In the second experiment, after'the initial measurement of central and oblique refraction, subjects Were made to binocularly read a text placed at 25 cm for 2O min, and the refraction measurements were repeated. No systematic changes in refraction were noted during oblique viewing after 20 min of reading. The data from Experiment 1 give some support for the view that short-term pressures from structures external to the eye may affect its axial refraction. However, the resufts from Experiment 2 suggest that any such pressures during short-term reading tasks have no significant impact on the axial refraction. © 2007 ARVO.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number5
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of vision
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2007


    • Monochromatic aberrations
    • Myopia
    • Oblique viewing
    • Reading
    • Refractive error


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