Regional variations in the growth of Saudi children and adolescents

Mohammad El Mouzan, Peter Foster, Abdullah Al Herbish, Abdullaha Al Salloum, Ahmad Al Omer, Mansour Alqurashi, Tatjana Kecojevic

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No previous study has provided a detailed description of regional variations of growth within the various regions of Saudi Arabia. Thus, we sought to demonstrate differences in growth of children and adolescents in different regions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The 2005 Saudi reference was based on a cross-sectional representative sample of the Saudi population of healthy children and adolescents from birth to 18 years of age. Body measurements of the length, stature, weight, head circumference and calculation of the BMI were performed according to standard recommendations. Percentile construction and smoothing were performed using the LMS (lambda, mu and sigma) methodology, followed by transformation of all individual measurements into standard deviation scores. Factors such as weight for age, height for age, weight for height, and head circumference for children from birth to 3 years, stature for age, head circumference and body mass index for children between 2-18 years of age were assessed. Subsequently, variations in growth between the three main regions in the north, southwest, and center of Saudi Arabia were calculated, with the Bonferroni: method used to assess the significance of differences between regions. RESULTS: There were significant differences in growth between regions that varied according to age, gender, growth parameter and region. The highest variation was found between children and adolescents of the southwestern region and those of the other two regions The regression lines for all growth parameters in children
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348-356
    Number of pages8
    JournalAnnals of Saudi Medicine
    Volume29
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009

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