Regulating Extra-Framework Cations in Faujasite Zeolites for Capture of Trace Carbon Dioxide

Shanshan Liu, Yinlin Chen, Bin Yue, Chang Wang, Qin Qin, Yuchao Chai, Guangjun Wu, Jiangnan Li, Xue Han, Ivan Da Silva, Pascal Manuel, Sarah J. Day, Stephen P. Thompson, Naijia Guan, Sihai Yang, Landong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of cost-effective sorbents for direct capture of trace CO2 (<1%) from the atmosphere is an important and challenging task. Natural or commercial zeolites are promising sorbents, but their performance in adsorption of trace CO2 has been poorly explored to date. Herein, we report a systematic study on capture of trace CO2 by commercial faujasite zeolites, where we found that the extra-framework cations played a key role on their performance. Under dry conditions, Ba-X displays high dynamic uptake of 1.79 and 0.69 mmol g-1 at CO2 concentrations of 10000 and 1000 ppm, respectively, and shows excellent recyclability in the temperature-swing adsorption processes. K-X exhibits perfect moisture resistance, and >95 % dry CO2 uptake can be preserved under relative humidity of 74%. In situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy, synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction reveal two binding sites for CO2 in these zeolites, namely the basic framework oxygen atoms and the divalent alkaline earth metal ions. This study unlocks the potential of low-cost natural zeolites for applications in direct air capture.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 Jun 2022


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