Regulation of Mouse Peritoneal Mast Cell Secretory Function by Stem Cell Factor, IL-3 or IL-4

John W. Coleman, Mark R. Holliday, Ian Kimber, Krisztina M. Zsebo, Stephen J. Galli

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    We examined whether three cytokines that promote mouse mast cell development, the c-kit ligand stem cell factor (SCF), IL-3, or IL-4, also can directly stimulate or modulate mouse peritoneal mast cell (PMC) mediator release. Challenge of purified PMC with rat rSCF164 at 20 to 100 ng/ml for 30 min induced a modest release of serotonin (5-HT), whereas IL-3 or IL-4 did not directly stimulate 5-HT release. Experiments in which PMC were exposed to each cytokine for 15 min, and then to DNP-HSA Ag or anti-igE antibody for a further 15 min, showed that SCF, but not IL-3 or IL-4, had an additive effect on the 5-HT release induced by either of the IgE cross-linking agents. In longer term experiments, SCF (0.16 to 500 ng/ml), IL-3 (2.5 to 100 ng/ml), or IL-4 (0.06 to 2.5 ng/ml) was added to peritoneal cell cultures for 48 h, during which the cells were passively sensitized with IgE anti-DNP antibody. Incubation of either unfractionated or highly purified PMC preparations with each of the three cytokines resulted in a concentration-related increase in 5-HT release upon subsequent challenge of the cells with DNP-HSA Ag. However, after pretreatment of peritoneal cells for 48 h with each cytokine, only IL-4 (10 ng/ml) enhanced release of 5-HT induced by calcium ionophore A23187 (0.25 μM); IL-3 (100 ng/ml) had no effect, whereas SCF (100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited ionophore-induced release. Although IL-3 or SCF up-regulate responsiveness to IgE-dependent stimuli, we detected no effect of these cytokines on the binding of [125I]IgE to PMC. This suggests that the enhancing effects of SCF or IL-3 on IgE-dependent 5-HT release did not simply reflect changes in the amount of IgE bound to the cells. In conclusion, we found that SCF, IL-3, or IL-4 each exerted a different spectrum of stimulatory, costimulatory, or regulatory effects on the secretory function of mouse PMC. Journal of Immunology, 1993, 150: 556.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)556-562
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Immunology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1993


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