Regulation of systolic [Ca2+]i and cellular Ca2+ flux balance in rat ventricular myocytes by SR Ca2+, L-type Ca2+ current and diastolic [Ca2+]i

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    The force-frequency response is an important physiological mechanism regulating cardiac output changes and is accompanied in vivo by β-adrenergic stimulation. We sought to determine the role of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content and L-type current (ICa-L) in the frequency response of the systolic Ca2+ transient alone and during β-adrenergic stimulation. Experiments (on single rat ventricular myocytes) were designed to be as physiological as possible. Under current clamp stimulation SR Ca2+ content increased in line with stimulation frequency (1-8 Hz) but the systolic Ca2+ transient was maximal at 6 Hz. Under voltage clamp, increasing frequency decreased both systolic Ca2+ transient and ICa-L. Normalizing peak ICa-L by altering the test potential decreased the Ca2+ transient amplitude less than an equivalent reduction achieved through changes in frequency. This suggests that, in addition to SR Ca2+ content and ICa-L, another factor, possibly refractoriness of Ca2+ release from the SR contributes. Under current clamp, β-adrenergic stimulation (isoprenaline, 30 nM) increased both the Ca2+ transient and the SR Ca2+ content and removed the dependence of both on frequency. In voltage clamp experiments, β-adrenergic stimulation still increased SR Ca2+ content yet there was an inverse relation between frequency and Ca2+ transient amplitude and ICa-L. Diastolic [Ca2+] i increased with stimulation frequency and this contributed substantially (69.3 ± 6% at 8 Hz) to the total Ca2+ efflux from the cell. We conclude that Ca2+ flux balance is maintained by the combination of increased efflux due to elevated diastolic [Ca2+]i and a decrease of influx on ICa-L on each pulse. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 The Physiological Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)579-592
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Physiology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007


    • Animals
    • metabolism: Calcium
    • metabolism: Calcium Channels, L-Type
    • physiology: Diastole
    • cytology: Heart Ventricles
    • physiology: Myocardial Contraction
    • physiology: Myocytes, Cardiac
    • Patch-Clamp Techniques
    • Rats
    • metabolism: Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases
    • physiology: Systole
    • Ventricular Function


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