Relationship of the BOLD signal with VEP for ultrashort duration visual stimuli (0.1 to 5 ms) in humans

Nikos Logothetis, Baris Yesilyurt, Kevin Whittingstall, Kâmil Uǧurbil, Nikos K. Logothetis, Kâmil Uludaǧ

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    There is currently a great interest to combine electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study brain function. Earlier studies have shown different EEG components to correlate well with the fMRI signal arguing for a complex relationship between both measurements. In this study, using separate EEG and fMRI measurements, we show that (1) 0.1 ms visual stimulation evokes detectable hemodynamic and visual-evoked potential (VEP) responses, (2) the negative VEP deflection at 80∼ ms (N2) co-varies with stimulus duration/intensity such as with blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) response; the positive deflection at ∼120 ms (P2) does not, and (3) although the N2 VEP-BOLD relationship is approximately linear, deviation is evident at the limit of zero N2 VEP. The latter finding argues that, although EEG and fMRI measurements can co-vary, they reflect partially independent processes in the brain tissue. Finally, it is shown that the stimulus-induced impulse response function (IRF) at 0.1 ms and the intrinsic IRF during rest have different temporal dynamics, possibly due to predominance of neuromodulation during rest as compared with neurotransmission during stimulation. These results extend earlier findings regarding VEP-BOLD coupling and highlight the component-and context-dependency of the relationship between evoked potentials and hemodynamic responses. © 2010 ISCBFM All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)449-458
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


    • BOLD
    • Ultrashort stimulus
    • VEP


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