Reproductive Technologies, Overview

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Reproductive technologies (RTs) have given urgency to some perennial questions: the reasons for wanting children, the implications of infertility, what it means to be a parent, and the strength of the genetic bond between people. In 1978, scientific developments in embryology and embryo transfer culminated in the birth of the world's first baby born as a result of . in vitro fertilization (IVF) in Britain. This event prompted extensive ethical debate over the acceptability of RTs, with opinions ranging from whole-hearted support to condemnation. The issues raised can be divided into two categories: arguments for and against the use and development of RTs and the ethical dilemmas created by specific aspects of RTs. This article largely focuses on the Anglo-American debate over RTs, recognizing that the debate has taken different forms in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Applied Ethics
PublisherElsevier BV
Pages766-774
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780123739322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Access to treatment
  • Desire for a child
  • Donation of gametes
  • Donor anonymity
  • Embryos
  • Feminist positions
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Infertility
  • Reproductive autonomy
  • Reproductive rights
  • Reproductive technologies
  • Welfare of the child

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