Residual stress control of multipass welds using low transformation temperature fillers

R. J. Moat, S. Ooi, A. A. Shirzadi, H. Dai, A. F. Mark, H. K.D.H. Bhadeshia, P. J. Withers

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    Low transformation temperature (LTT) weld fillers can be used to replace tensile weld residual stresses with compressive ones and reduce the distortion of single-pass welds in austenitic plates. By contrast, weld fillers in multipass welds experience a number of thermal excursions, meaning that the benefit of the smart LTT fillers may not be realised. Here, neutron diffraction and the contour method are used to measure the residual stress in an eight pass groove weld of a 304 L stainless steel plate using the experimental LTT filler Camalloy 4. Our measurements show that the stress mitigating the effect of Camalloy 4 is indeed diminished during multipass welding. We propose a carefully selected elevated interpass hold temperature and demonstrate that this restores the LTT capability to successfully mitigate residual tensile stresses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalMaterials Science and Technology (United Kingdom)
    Early online date9 Dec 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • displacive transformation
    • gas metal arc welding
    • low stress low distortion welding
    • Martensitic transformation


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