The prediction of weld-induced residual stress assists the structural integrity assessment of welded structures. In this study, residual stress measurements of girth welded austenitic stainless-steel pipes were used to develop two Artificial Neural Network (ANN) ensemble models to predict through-thickness residual stress profiles in Weld Centre Line (WCL). One model was developed for axial and the other for hoop residual stress prediction. The inputs of the models were the pipe radius to thickness ratio, the thickness, the heat input (weld arc electrical energy per unit run length [kJ/mm]) and the normalised through-thickness position. The hyperparameters were tuned, and the models were trained with various initial weight vectors, creating an ensemble of ANNs. The models’ performance was assessed by a test set and by sensitivity studies which revealed the models’ output trends.
|Journal||International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping|
|Early online date||3 Apr 2023|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2023|
- Arc welding
- Machine learning
- Surrogate models