Restoration of myocellular copper-trafficking proteins and mitochondrial copper enzymes repairs cardiac function in rats with diabetes-evoked heart failure

Shaoping Zhang, Hong Liu, Greeshma Vazhoor Amarsingh, Carlos C. H. Cheung, Donghai Wu, Umayal Narayanan, Linda Zhang, Garth J. S. Cooper

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Abstract

Diabetes impairs systemic copper regulation, and acts as a major independent risk factor for heart failure (HF) wherein mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathogenic process. Here we asked whether diabetes might alter mitochondrial structure/function and thus impair cardiac performance by damaging myocellular pathways that mediate cell-copper homeostasis. We measured activity of major mitochondria-resident copper-enzymes cytochrome c oxidase (mt-Cco) and superoxide dismutase 1 (mt-Sod1); expression of three main mitochondrial copper-chaperones [Cco copper chaperone 17 (Cox17), Cox11, and mitochondria-resident copper chaperone for Sod1 (mt-Ccs)]; of copper-dependent Cco-assembly protein Sco1; and regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis, in left-ventricular (LV) tissue from groups of non-diabetic-control, untreated-diabetic, and divalent-copper-selective chelator-treated diabetic rats. Diabetes impaired LV pump function; ∼halved LV-copper levels; substantively decreased myocellular expression of copper chaperones, and enzymatic activity of mt-Cco and mt-Sod1. Divalent-copper chelation with triethylenetetramine improved cardiac pump function, restored levels of myocardial copper, the copper chaperones, and Sco1; and enzymatic activity of mt-Cco and mt-Sod1. Copper chelation also restored expression of the key mitochondrial biogenesis regulator, peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator-1α (Pgc-1α). This study shows for the first time that altered myocardial copper-trafficking is a key pathogenic process in diabetes-evoked HF. We also describe a novel therapeutic effect of divalent-copper-selective chelation, namely restoration of myocellular copper trafficking, which is thus revealed as a potentially tractable target for novel pharmacological intervention to improve cardiac function.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetallomics
Early online date2 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • diabetic heart
  • mitochondria
  • copper chaperone
  • copper regulation
  • cytochrome c oxidase
  • mitochondria-resident superoxide dismutase-1

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