The standard adjuvant endocrine treatment for postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive localised breast cancer is 5 years of tamoxifen, but recurrences and side-effects restrict its usefulness. The aromatase inhibitor anastrozole was compared with tamoxifen for 5 years in 9366 postmenopausal women with localised breast cancer. After a median follow-up of 68 months, anastrozole significantly prolonged disease-free survival (575 events with anastrozole vs 651 with tamoxifen, hazard ratio 0·87, 95% CI 0·78-0·97, p=0·01) and time-to-recurrence (402 vs 498, 0·79, 0·70-0·90, p=0·0005), and significantly reduced distant metastases (324 vs 375, 0·86, 0·74-0·99, p=0·04) and contralateral breast cancers (35 vs 59, 42% reduction, 12-62, p=0·01). Almost all patients have completed their scheduled treatment, and fewer withdrawals occurred with anastrozole than with tamoxifen. Anastrozole was also associated with fewer side-effects than tamoxifen, especially gynaecological problems and vascular events, but arthralgia and fractures were increased. Anastrozole should be the preferred initial treatment for postmenopausal women with localised hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer.
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Results of the ATAC (Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination) trial after completion of 5 years' adjuvant treatment for breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
Improving outcomes of women diagnosed with and at increased risk of breast cancer: the results of translational research and national and international clinical trials
Impact: Health impacts, Societal impacts, Economic impacts
Impact: Health impacts