Resuscitating the C-CAPM: Empirical evidence from France and Germany

Stuart Hyde, Keith Cuthbertson, Dirk Nitzsche

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In this paper we analyse whether the consumption based capital asset pricing model is consistent with asset return data from the French and German stock markets. We evaluate the performance of the C-CAPM by applying the nonparametric methodology of Hansen and Jagannathan and adopting five alternative specifications of utility. In addition to standard power utility we adopt the recursive preferences model proposed by Epstein and Zin. We also consider both internal and external habit formation (persistence) using the models proposed by Constantinides, Abel and Campbell and Cochrane. We evaluate our findings using the tests of Burnside and Hansen and Jagannathan. We find that the majority of models produce stochastic discount factors consistent with the data. However, high degrees of risk aversion are implied for the models to be consistent. Incorporating habit formation only partially reduces the implied levels of risk aversion. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-357
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Finance and Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005


  • Habit formation
  • Risk aversion
  • Sharpe Ratio
  • Volatility bounds


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