Wild-type Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) produces aminobacteriohopanetriol as the only elongated C35 hopanoid. The hopanoid phenotype of two mutants bearing a deletion of genes from a previously identified hopanoid biosynthesis gene cluster provides clues to the formation of C35 bacteriohopanepolyols. orf14 encodes a putative nucleosidase; its deletion induces the accumulation of adenosylhopane as it cannot be converted into ribosylhopane. orf18 encodes a putative transaminase; its deletion results in the accumulation of adenosylhopane, ribosylhopane, and bacteriohopanetetrol. Ribosylhopane was postulated twenty years ago as a precursor for bacterial hopanoids but was never identified in a bacterium. Absence of the transaminase encoded by orf18 prevents the reductive amination of ribosylhopane into aminobacteriohopanetriol and induces its accumulation. Its reduction by an aldose-reductase-like enzyme produces bacteriohopanetetrol, which is normally not present in S. coelicolor. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
|Journal||ChemBioChem: a European journal of chemical biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Streptomyces coelicolor