RNA-methylation-dependent RNA processing controls the speed of the circadian clock.

JM Fustin, M Doi, Y Yamaguchi, H Hida, S Nishimura, M Yoshida, T Isagawa, MS Morioka, H Kakeya, I Manabe, H Okamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The eukaryotic biological clock involves a negative transcription-translation feedback loop in which clock genes regulate their own transcription and that of output genes of metabolic significance. While around 10% of the liver transcriptome is rhythmic, only about a fifth is driven by de novo transcription, indicating mRNA processing is a major circadian component. Here, we report that inhibition of transmethylation reactions elongates the circadian period. RNA sequencing then reveals methylation inhibition causes widespread changes in the transcription of the RNA processing machinery, associated with m6A-RNA methylation. We identify m6A sites on many clock gene transcripts and show that specific inhibition of m6A methylation by silencing of the m6A methylase Mettl3 is sufficient to elicit circadian period elongation and RNA processing delay. Analysis of the circadian nucleocytoplasmic distribution of clock genes Per2 and Arntl then revealed an uncoupling between steady-state pre-mRNA and cytoplasmic mRNA rhythms when m6A methylation is inhibited.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)793-806
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume155
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2013

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