RO-Crate Metadata Specification 1.0

Peter Sefton, Eoghan Ó Carragáin, Stian Soiland-Reyes, Oscar Corcho, Daniel Garijo, Raul Palma, Frederik Coppens, Carole Goble, José María Fernández González, Kyle Chard, Jose Manuel Gomez-Perez, Michael R. Crusoe, Ignacio Eguinoa, Nick Juty, Kristi Holmes, Jason A. Clark, Salvador Capella-Gutierrez, Alasdair J. G. Gray, Stuart Owen, Alan R. WilliamsGiacomo Tartari, Finn Bacall, Thomas Thelen

Research output: Other contribution


This document specifies a method, known as RO-Crate (Research Object Crate), of organizing file-based data with associated metadata, using linked data principles, in both human and machine readable formats, with the ability to include additional domain-specific metadata. The core of RO-Crate is a JSON-LD file, the RO-Crate Metadata File, named ro-crate-metadata.jsonld. This file contains structured metadata about the dataset as a whole (the Root Data Entity) and, optionally, about some or all of its files. This provides a simple way to, for example, assert the authors (e.g. people, organizations) of the RO-Crate or one its files, or to capture more complex provenance for files, such as how they were created using software and equipment. While providing the formal specification for RO-Crate, this document also aims to be a practical guide for software authors to create tools for generating and consuming research data packages, with explanation by examples.
Original languageEnglish
Media of outputWeb
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019


  • research object
  • data packaging
  • metadata
  • linked data


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  • RO-Crate Metadata Specification 1.1

    Sefton, P., Carragáin, E. Ó., Soiland-Reyes, S., Corcho, O., Garijo, D., Palma, R., Coppens, F., Goble, C., Fernández, J. M., Chard, K., Gomez-Perez, J. M., Crusoe, M. R., Eguinoa, I., Juty, N., Holmes, K., Clark, J. A., Capella-Gutierrez, S., Gray, A. J. G., Owen, S., Williams, A. R., & 18 othersTartari, G., Bacall, F., Thelen, T., Ménager, H., Rodríguez-Navas, L., Walk, P., whitehead, B., Wilkinson, M., Groth, P., Bremer, E., Castro, LJ. G., Sebby, K., Kanitz, A., Trisovic, A., Kennedy, G., Graves, M., Koehorst, J. & Leo, S., 30 Oct 2020, 75 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

    Open Access
  • A lightweight approach to research object data packaging

    Ó Carragáin, E., Goble, C., Sefton, P. & Soiland-Reyes, S., 24 Jun 2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

    Open Access
    187 Downloads (Pure)

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