Scale-up of Batch Rotor-Stator Mixers. Part 2: Mixing and Emulsification

J James, Michael Cooke, A Kowalski, Thomas Rodgers

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Rotor-stator mixers are characterized by a set of rotors moving at high speed surrounded closely by a set of stationary stators which produces high local energy dissipation. Rotor-stator mixers are therefore widely used in the process industries including the manufacture of many food, cosmetic and health care products, fine chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. This paper presents data demonstrating scale-up rules for the mixing times, surface aeration, and equilibrium drop size for Silverson batch rotor-stator mixers. Part 1 of this paper has already explored scale-up rules for the key power parameters. These rules will allow processes involving rotor-stator mixers to be scaled up from around 1 litre to over 600 litres directly avoiding problems such as surface aeration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-329
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Research & Design
Early online date3 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • Batch rotor-stator mixers
  • mixing time
  • emulsification
  • scale-up


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