Second-order piezoelectricity in wurtzite III-N semiconductors

Joydeep Pal, Geoffrey Tse, Vesel Haxha, Max A. Migliorato, Stanko Tomić

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    First- and second-order piezoelectric coefficients for all binary group-III nitride (III-N) wurtzite semiconductors are calculated using ab initio density functional theory. The method used allows the simultaneous determination of spontaneous and strain-induced polarization within the same framework. Although the linear coefficients are similar to all existing values reported in the literature, all spontaneous polarization terms are substantially smaller than the currently proposed values. Second-order coefficients also change the total strain-induced polarization significantly. We compare the predictions obtained using these coefficients with data in superlattice structures comprising binary nitride semiconductors and by including composition dependence with all available experimental data on III-N ternary alloys. We show that, unlike existing models, our calculated piezoelectric coefficients and nonlinear model provide a close match to the internal piezoelectric fields of quantum well and superlattice structures. © 2011 American Physical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number085211
    JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2011


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