Secreted factors from ventral telencephalon induce the differentiation of GABAergic neurons in cortical cultures

H. H. Trinh, J. Reid, E. Shin, A. Liapi, J. G. Parnavelas, B. Nadarajah

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    It is widely believed that the pyramidal cells and interneurons of the cerebral cortex are distinct in their origin, lineage and genetic make up. In view of these findings, the current thesis is that the phenotype determination of cortical neurons is primarily directed by genetic mechanisms. Using in vitro assays, the present study demonstrates that secreted factors from ganglionic eminence (GE) of the ventral telencephalon have the potency to induce the differentiation of a subset of cortical neurons towards γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic lineage. Characterization of cortical cultures that were exposed to medium derived from GE illustrated a significant increase in the number of GABA-, calretinin- and calbindin-positive neurons. Calcium imaging together with pharmacological studies showed that the application of exogenous medium significantly elevated the intracellular calcium transients in cortical neurons through the activation of ionotropic glutamate receptors. The increase in GABA+ neurons appeared to be associated with the elevated calcium activity; treatment with blockers specific for glutamate receptors abolished both the synchronized transients and reduced the differentiation of GABAergic neurons. Such studies demonstrate that although intrinsic mechanisms determine the fate of cortical interneurons, extrinsic factors have the potency to influence their neurochemical differentiation and contribute towards their molecular diversity. © The Authors (2006).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2967-2977
    Number of pages10
    JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
    Volume24
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

    Keywords

    • Development
    • Differentiation
    • Interneurons
    • Rat
    • Telencephalon

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