Shell Filling and Trigonal Warping in Graphene Quantum Dots

R Garreis, Angelika Knothe, C Tong, M Eich, C Gold, K Watanabe, T Taniguchi, Vladimir Fal'ko, T Ihn, K Ensslin, A Kurzmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transport measurements through a few-electron circular quantum dot in bilayer graphene display bunching of the conductance resonances in groups of four, eight and twelve. This is in accordance with the spin and valley degeneracies in bilayer graphene and an additional threefold 'minivalley
degeneracy' caused by trigonal warping. For small electron numbers, implying a small dot size and a small displacement field, a two-dimensional s- and then a p-shell are successively filled with four and eight electrons, respectively. For electron numbers larger than 12, as the dot size and
the displacement field increase, the single-particle ground state evolves into a three-fold degenerate minivalley ground state. A transition between these regimes is observed in our measurements and can be described by band-structure calculations. Measurements in magnetic field confirm Hund's
second rule for spin filling of the quantum dot levels, emphasizing the importance of exchange interaction effects.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Mar 2021

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • National Graphene Institute


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