Siemens Immulite Aspergillus-specific IgG assay for chronic pulmonary aspergillosis diagnosis: Immulite Aspergillus-specific IgG cut offs

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Abstract

Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) complicates underlying lung disease, including treated tuberculosis. Measurement of Aspergillus-specific IgG is a key diagnostic step. Cut-offs have been proposed based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses comparing CPA cases to healthy controls, but performance in at-risk populations with underlying lung disease is unclear.
We evaluated optimal cut-offs for the Siemens Immulite Aspergillus-specific IgG assay for CPA diagnosis in relation to large groups of healthy and diseased controls with treated pulmonary tuberculosis.
Sera from 241 patients with CPA attending the UK National Aspergillosis Centre, 299 Ugandan blood donors (healthy controls) and 398 Ugandans with treated pulmonary tuberculosis (diseased controls) were tested. Radiological screening removed potential CPA cases from diseased controls (234 screened diseased controls). ROC curve analyses were performed and optimal cut-offs identified by Youden’s J statistic.
CPA versus control ROC area under curve (AUC) results were: healthy controls 0·984 (95% confidence interval 0·972-0·997), diseased controls 0·972 (0·959–0·985), screened diseased controls 0·979 (0·967–0·992). Optimal cut-offs were: healthy controls 15 mg/L (94·6% sensitivity, 98% specificity), unscreened diseased controls 15 mg/L (94·6% sensitivity, 94·5% specificity), screened diseased controls 25mg/L (92·9% sensitivity, 98·7% specificity).
Results were similar in healthy and diseased controls. We advocate a cut-off of 20mg/L as this is the mid-point of the range of optimal cut-offs. Cut-offs calculated in relation to healthy controls for other assays are likely to remain valid for use in a treated tuberculosis population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical Mycology
Early online date14 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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