Size limit on the phosphorous doped silicon nanocrystals for dopant activation

P. Yang, R. M. Gwilliam, I. F. Crowe, N. Papachristodoulou, M. P. Halsall, N. P. Hylton, O. Hulko, A. P. Knights, M. Shah, A. J. Kenyon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We studied the photoluminescence spectra of silicon nanocrystals doped with and without phosphorus as a function of isothermal annealing time. Silicon nanocrystals were prepared by the implantation of 80 keV Si+ into a 500 nm SiO2 film to an areal density of 8 × 1016 at/cm2. Half of the samples were coimplanted with P+ at 80 keV to 5 × 1015 at/cm2. The photoluminescence of the annealed samples were photo-excited at wavelength of 405 nm. For short anneal times, when the nanocrystal size distribution has a relatively small mean diameter, formation in the presence of phosphorus yields an increase in the luminescence intensity and a blue shift in the emission peak compared with intrinsic nanocrystals. As the mean size increases with annealing time, this enhancement rapidly diminishes and the peak energy shifts to the red. Our results indicate the donor electron generation depends strongly on the nanocrystal size. We also found a critical limit above which it allows dopant activation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)456-458
    Number of pages2
    JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • Ion implantation
    • Phosphorus
    • Silicon nanocrystals


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