Small-angle X-ray scattering and NMR studies of the conformation of the PDZ region of SAP97 and its interactions with Kir2.1

Benjamin T. Goult, Jonathan D. Rapley, Caroline Dart, Ashraf Kitmitto, J. Günter Grossmann, Mark L. Leyland, Lu Yun Lian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The functional localization of potassium inward rectifiers is regulated by SAP97, a PDZ membrane-associated guanylate kinase protein. We describe here an investigation of the conformation of the PDZ domain region of SAP97 PDZ1-3. The NMR and SAXS data reveal conformational dynamics. The NMR data show minimal interdomain contacts, with the U3 linker region between PDZ2 and PDZ3 being largely unstructured. Shape analysis of the SAXS profiles revealed a dumbbell for the PDZ12 double domain. An overall elongated, asymmetric shape comprised of two to three distinct components characterizes the triple domain PDZ1-3. In addition, rigid body modeling shows that the representative average shape does not provide the full picture and that the data for the triple domain are consistent with large variations, suggesting significant conformational flexibility. However, the dynamics appears to be restricted as PDZ3 is located essentially within ∼40 Å from PDZ12. We also show that the Kir2.1 cytoplasmic domain interacts with all three PDZ domains but with a clear preference for PDZ2 even in the presence of the U3 region. We speculate that the restricted dynamics and preferential Kir2.1 binding to PDZ2 are features that enable SAP97 to function as a scaffold protein, allowing other proteins each to bind to the other two PDZ domains in sufficient proximity to yield productive channelosomes. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)14117-14128
    Number of pages11
    Issue number49
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2007


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