Numerical simulations of steady and unsteady viscous flows are presented by adopting two different numerical methodologies: the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics formulation implemented in the open-source code DualSPHysics and an in-house lattice Boltzmann code based on a concise central-moments scheme. Both methods employ a weakly compressible assumption to simulate incompressible flow, which means the fluid is assumed barotropic and the density and pressure are related through an equation of state. The accuracy of the two approaches is evaluated against well-defined and consolidated benchmark tests. Advantages and disadvantages of the two methodologies are discussed and substantiated by quantitative comparisons that focus on accuracy and efficacy of the two methodologies against other well-established computational methods. Overall, both formulations proposed herein are able to capture the relevant flow physics with a good level of accuracy when compared to other more affirmed techniques. Remarkably, this is observed in spite of the proposed two methods lacking key strategies commonly used in grid-based methods, such as adaptive mesh refinement.
- CFD simulation
- Lattice Boltzmann
- Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
- Viscous flow