SN 2020bqj: A Type Ibn supernova with a long lasting peak plateau

E. C. Kool, E. Karamehmetoglu, J. Sollerman, S. Schulze, R. Lunnan, T. M. Reynolds, C. Barbarino, E. C. Bellm, K. De, D. A. Duev, C. Fremling, V. Z. Golkhou, M. L. Graham, D. A. Green, A. Horesh, S. Kaye, Y. -L. Kim, R. R. Laher, F. J. Masci1, J. NordinD. A. Perley, E. S. Phinney, M. Porter, D. Reiley, H. Rodriguez, J. van Roestel, B. Rusholme, Y. Sharma, I. Sfaradi, M. T. Soumagnac, K. Taggart, L. Tartaglia, D. R. A. Williams, L. Yan

Research output: Working paper


Context. Type Ibn supernovae (SNe Ibn) are a rare class of stripped envelope supernovae interacting with a helium-rich circumstellar medium (CSM). The majority of the SNe Ibn reported in the literature display a surprising homogeneity in their fast-evolving lightcurves and are typically found in actively starforming spiral galaxies. Aims. We present the discovery and the study of SN 2020bqj (ZTF20aalrqbu), a SN Ibn with a long-duration peak plateau lasting 40 days and hosted by a faint low-mass galaxy. We aim to explain its peculiar properties using an extensive photometric and spectroscopic data set. Methods. We compare the photometric and spectral evolution of SN 2020bqj with regular SNe Ibn from the literature, as well as with other outliers in the SN Ibn subclass. We fit the bolometric and multi-band lightcurves with powering mechanism models such as radioactive decay and CSM interaction. We also model the host galaxy of SN 2020bqj. Results. The risetime, peak magnitude and spectral features of SN 2020bqj are consistent with those of most SNe Ibn, but the SN is a clear outlier in the subclass based on its bright, long-lasting peak plateau and the low mass of its faint host galaxy. We show through modeling that the lightcurve of SN 2020bqj can be powered predominantly by shock heating from the interaction of the SN ejecta and a dense CSM. The peculiar Type Ibn SN 2011hw is a close analog to SN 2020bqj in terms of lightcurve and spectral evolution, suggesting a similar progenitor and CSM scenario. In this scenario a very massive progenitor star in the transitional phase between a luminous blue variable and a compact Wolf-Rayet star undergoes core-collapse, embedded in a dense helium-rich CSM with an elevated opacity compared to normal SNe Ibn, due to the presence of residual hydrogen. This scenario is consistent with the observed properties of SN 2020bqj and the modeling results....
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


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