SNP detection for cytochrome P450 alleles by target-assembled tandem oligonucleotide systems based on exciplexes

Lindsey Walsh, Abdul Gbaj, Laura L. Etchells, Kenneth T. Douglas, Elena V. Bichenkova

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We report the first use of exciplex-based split-probes for detection of the wild type and *3 mutant alleles of human cytochrome P450 2C9. A tandem 8-mer split DNA oligonucleotide probe system was designed that allows detection of the complementary target DNA sequence. This exciplex-based fluorescence detector system operates by means of a contiguous hybridization of two oligonucleotide exciplex split-probes to a complementary target nucleic acid target. Each probe oligonucleotide is chemically modified at one of its termini by a potential exciplex-forming partner, each of which is fluorescently silent at the wavelength of detection. Under conditions that ensure correct three-dimensional assembly, the chemical moieties on suitable photoexcitation form an exciplex that fluoresces with a large Stokes shift (in this case 130 nm). Preliminary proof-of-concept studies used two 8-mer probe oligonucleotides, but in order to give better specificity for genomic applications, probe length was extended to give coverage of 24 bases. Eight pairs of tandem 12-mer oligonucleotide probes spanning the 2C9*3 region were designed and tested to find the best set of probes. Target sequences tested were in the form of (i) synthetic oligonucleotides, (ii) embedded in short PCR products (150 bp), or (iii) inserted into plasmid DNA (∼ 3 Kbp). The exciplex system was able to differentiate wild type and human cytochrome P450 2C9 *3 SNP (1075 A→C) alleles, based on fluorescence emission spectra and DNA melting curves, indicating promise for future applications in genetic testing and molecular diagnostics. ©Adenine Press (2008).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)629-640
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008


    Dive into the research topics of 'SNP detection for cytochrome P450 alleles by target-assembled tandem oligonucleotide systems based on exciplexes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this