Social Assistance in Low- and Middle-income countries

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Low- and middle-income countries have upscaled social assistance provisions in the new century, with the aim of addressing poverty and disadvantage. This chapter offers a concise description and analysis of the emerging trends in social assistance in low- and middle-income countries. The specific coverage includes: discussion of the boundaries of social assistance and the relationship between poverty perspectives and “ideal types” of provision; exploration of the trends in the various forms of social assistance provision in low- and middle-income countries; summary of the innovations in social assistance program design and implementation; and assessment of the effectiveness and sustainability of social assistance programs in reducing poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Poverty and Inequality
EditorsUdaya R. Wagle
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781800882300
ISBN (Print)9781800882294
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2023


  • social assistance
  • poverty
  • low- and middle-income countries
  • conditional income transfers
  • old age transfers
  • pure transfers
  • social protection

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global inequalities
  • Global Development Institute


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