Social behavior and meningococcal carriage in British teenagers

Jenny MacLennan, George Kafatos, Keith Neal, Nick Andrews, J. Claire Cameron, Richard Roberts, Meirion R. Evans, Kathy Cann, David N. Baxter, Martin C J Maiden, James M. Stuart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Understanding predisposing factors for meningococcal carriage may identify targets for public health interventions. Before mass vaccination with meningococcal group C conjugate vaccine began in autumn 1999, we took pharyngeal swabs from ≈14,000 UK teenagers and collected information on potential risk factors. Neisseria meningitidis was cultured from 2,319 (16.7%) of 13,919 swabs. In multivariable analysis, attendance at pubs/clubs, intimate kissing, and cigarette smoking were each independently and strongly associated with increased risk for meningococcal carriage (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)950-957
    Number of pages7
    JournalEmerging infectious diseases
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


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