Social cognition models and health behaviour: A structured review

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    A number of social cognition models have been developed to account for socio-demographic variations in health behaviour. This paper distinguishes between: (a) motivational, (b) behavioural enaction, and (c) multi-stage models of health behaviour. The models are evaluated in terms of advancement of existing knowledge and - where appropriate - predictive utility. Common themes that appear within- and between- these categories are discussed, with consideration of ways in which theory may be advanced by future research. Each approach has associated strengths and weaknesses, suggesting that a "consensus" approach to the study of health behaviour may prove fruitful. Identification of the key constructs across different model types would allow coherent integration and promote further understanding of the psycho-social determinants of health behaviour. © 2000 OPA (Overseas Publishers Association) N.V. Published by license under the Harwood Academic Publishers imprint, part of The Gordon and Breach Publishing Group.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)173-189
    Number of pages16
    JournalPsychology and Health
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2000


    • Behavioural intentions
    • Health behaviour
    • Review
    • Social cognition models
    • Stages of change


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