Social Opportunity Function and Equity in Opportunity in China

Mengbing Zhu, Nanak Kakwani, Shi Li, Xiaobing Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter uses a social opportunity function to analyze equity in opportunity in China. It traces the inequity of opportunity in education, especially the role circumstances play in educational attainment. We find a narrowing inequity in compulsory education between urban and rural areas; however, inequity in education in the high school age group still exists and remains large, especially in rural western areas. The results shed light on the importance of the regional circumstances in inequality in opportunity and suggest that more public investment in human capital will be needed in rural areas, especially Western China.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Inequality in China
EditorsYaojun Li, Yanjie Bian
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781800612150
ISBN (Print)9781800612136
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2023


  • educational opportunity
  • social opportunity function
  • opportunity inequity
  • China


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