Social policy in Venezuela: bucking neoliberalism or unsustainable clientelism?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Following an overview of social protection policies in Latin America, this chapter considers the specific case of Venezuela with a focus on the presidency of Hugo Chávez (1998–2013). After analysing the ideological, political and economic drivers of the social protection system introduced by the government, the chapter highlights continuity with a domestic tradition of financing social protection with volatile oil export revenues. Through detailed reference to health policy, it is argued that the achievements were significant, particularly given the national crisis inherited by Chávez, but that welfare initiatives were unsustainable without major institutional and economic policy change.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTowards universal health care in emerging economies
Subtitle of host publicationopportunities and challenges
EditorsIlcheong Yi
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan Ltd
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781137533777
ISBN (Print)9781137533760, 9781349709793
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameSocial policy in a development context
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan


  • Social Protection
  • Food Sovereignty
  • Social Spending
  • Royal Dutch Shell
  • Cuban Government


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