Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa: Getting the Politics Right

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This paper provides an overview of the recent extension of social protection in sub-Saharan Africa. It identifies two main " models" of social protection in the region: one based on age-based income transfers in the middle income countries in Southern Africa, and another more diverse and incipient group of programs providing a mix of poverty-based transfers in the low income countries in Eastern, Central, and West Africa. It concludes that for an effective institutional framework for social protection to evolve in sub-Saharan Africa, the present focus on the technical design of programs needs to be accompanied by analyses that contribute to also " getting the politics right." © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-176
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • Poverty
  • Social assistance
  • Social policy
  • Social protection
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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