Solid-state NMR reveals structural changes in phospholamban accompanying the functional regulation of Ca2+-ATPase

Eleri Hughes, David A. Middleton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Calcium transport across the sarcoplasmic reticulum of cardiac myocytes is regulated by a reversible inhibitory interaction between the Ca2+-ATPase and the small transmembrane protein phospholamban (PLB). A null-cysteine analogue of PLB, containing isotope labels in the transmembrane domain or cytoplasmic domain, was reconstituted into membranes in the absence and presence of the SERCA1 isoform of Ca2+-ATPase for structural investigation by cross-polarization magic-angle spinning (CP-MAS) NMR. PLB lowered the maximal hydrolytic activity of SERCA1 and its affinity for calcium in membrane preparations suitable for structural analysis by NMR. Novel backbone amide proton-deuterium exchange CP-MAS NMR experiments on the two PLB analogues co-reconstituted with SERCA1 indicated that labeled residues Leu42 and Leu44 were situated well within the membrane interior, whereas Pro21 and Ala24 lie exposed outside the membrane. Internuclear distance measurements on PLB using rotational resonance NMR indicated that the sequences Pro21-Ala24 and Leu42-Leu44 adopt an α-helical structure in pure lipid bilayers, which is unchanged in the presence of Ca2+-ATPase. By contrast, rotational echo double resonance (REDOR) NMR experiments revealed that the sequence Ala24-Gln26 switches from an α-helix in pure lipid membranes to a more extended structure in the presence of SERCA1, which may reflect local structural distortions which change the orientations of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. These results suggest that Ca2+-ATPase has a long-range effect on the structure of PLB around residue 25, which promotes the functional association of the two proteins.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20835-20842
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number23
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2003


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