Copper nitrite reductases (CuNiRs) catalyze the reduction of nitrite to form nitric oxide. In recent years, new classes of redox partner linked CuNiRs have been isolated and characterized by crystallographic techniques. Solution-state biophysical studies have shed light on the complex catalytic mechanisms of these enzymes and implied that protein dynamics may play a role in CuNiR catalysis. To investigate the structural, dynamical, and functional relationship of these CuNiRs, we have used protein reverse engineering and pulsed electron–electron double resonance (PELDOR) spectroscopy to determine their solution-state inter-copper distributions. Data show the multidimensional conformational landscape of this family of enzymes and the role of tethering in catalysis. The importance of combining high-resolution crystallographic techniques and low-resolution solution-state approaches in determining the structures and mechanisms of metalloenzymes is emphasized by our approach.
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Institute of Biotechnology