This study presents a methodology for evaluating crack closure and the effect of crack-tip plasticity on stress intensity. Full-field displacement maps obtained by digital image correlation are used to obtain the mixed-mode, crack-driving force. The methodology allows the quantification of the effect of a range of contact phenomena: effects arising from interlocking, plastic deformation of crack face asperities and wedging generated as a consequence of sliding displacements of fatigue cracks have been identified. By evaluating the effective crack-tip stress intensity factor, crack opening levels can be quantified for both mode I and mode II. Moreover, the approach can take into account plasticity effects local to the crack in determining the stress intensity factor. All the information can be extracted in a non-contacting fashion with equipment that can be easily incorporated into industrial environments. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
- Digital image correlation
- Effective stress intensity factor
- Fatigue crack closure
- Plastic zone