Space and spatial frequency: Analysis and representation in the macaque striate cortex

J. J. Kulikowski, T. R. Vidyasagar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Simple cells in the macaque striate cortex were tested with bars, edges and gratings. Spatial frequency tuning curves could be predicted from the spatial profiles plotted with bars and edges and the bandwidth could be evaluated more accurately by computing the mean from measured and predicted tuning curves. The results suggest that the mean relative spatial frequency bandwidth (Δf/fo) is nearly constant and of a moderate value. But at each optimal spatial frequency, cells with different bandwidths (about a factor of two) were recorded. The shapes of spatial response profiles resemble the corresponding spatial and spatial frequency characteristics of line and edge detectors evaluated psychophysically. Among the remaining cell types, concentric cells tend to be tuned to lower spatial frequencies and have broader bandwidths, whereas periodic cells prefer higher spatial frequencies and have narrower bandwidths. Thus the mean relative bandwidth tends to decrease significantly with spatial frequency (as required by a system of patch-by-patch Fourier analysis) only when cells with poor orientation selectivity and the non-linear silent periodic cells are included along with the simple cells. Simple cells, on their own, seem to form a quasi-linear contrast processing system which is more biased towards spatial accuracy than spatial frequency selectivity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5-18
    Number of pages13
    JournalExperimental brain research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1986


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