Sparsentan in patients with IgA nephropathy: a prespecified interim analysis from a randomised, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trial

Hiddo J.L. Heerspink, Jai Radhakrishnan, Charles E. Alpers, Jonathan Barratt, Stewart Bieler, Ulysses Diva, Jula Inrig, Radko Komers, Alex Mercer, Irene L. Noronha, Michelle N. Rheault, William Rote, Brad Rovin, Howard Trachtman, Hernán Trimarchi, Muh Geot Wong, Vlado Perkovic, Eric Alarmartine, Dong Wan Chae, Lucia Del VecchioJurgen Floege, Shang Jyh Hwang, Bojan Jelakovic, Bart Maes, Robert Malecki, Marius Miglinas, Fernando Eduardo Barbosa Nolasco, Manual Praga, Kannaiyan Rabindranath, Mai Rosenberg, Sydney Chi Wai Tang, Vladmir Tesar, Bhadran Bose, Muralikrishna Gangadharan, Stephen McDonald, Chen Peh, Sadia Jahan, Chii Yeap, Philip Clayton, Georgina Irish, Nikhil Thyagarajan, Peter Hollett, Rathika Krishnasamy, Robert Carroll, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Susan Crail, Toby Coates, Jane Waugh, Euan Noble, Kumaradevan Mahadevan, Victoria Campbell, Tania Salehi, Wai Lim, Neil Boudville, Aron Chakera, Doris Chan, Anoushka Krishnan, Yusuf Eqbal, Alastair Gillies, Eswari Vilayur, Thida Maung Maung Myint, Nicholas Gray, Melissa Cheetham, Carol Pollock, Bruce Cooper, Amanda Mather, Sarah Roxburgh, Yvonne Shen, Stefanie Stangenberg, Amanda Siriwardana, Emma O'Lone, Susan Wan, Brendon Neuen, Jeffrey Tsun Kit Ha, Dana Kim, Lauren Heath, Arunima Jain, Elaine Phua, Yan Li, Martin Gallagher, Meg Jardine, Angus Ritchie, Mona Razavian, Celine Foote, Roger Wyndham, Shaundeep Sen, Zoltan Endre, Jonathan Erlich, Mangalee Fernando, Kenneth Yong, Grant Luxton, Sradha Kotwal, Simon Roger, Vidu Wijeratne, David Packham, Ian Fraser, Bert Vandewiele, Margo Laute, Wim Lemahieu, Sofie Jamar, Sara Ombelet, Gert Meeus, Marc Decupere, Olivier Schockaert, Peter Doubel, Liesbeth Viaene, Luc Radermacher, Catherine Masset, Martial Moonen, Eric Firre, Martina Milicevic, Xavier Warling, An Vanacker, Thomas Malfait, Ivan Durlen, Ivica Horvatic, Ana Savuk, Lana Gellineo, Sandra Karanovic, Zivka Dika, Djuro Plavljanic, Ivana Mikacic, Dubravka Trajbar Kentric, Dunja Barisic, Marija Stankovic, Karolina Majstorovic Barac, Ivan Kruljac, Drasko Pavlovic, Martin Drinkovic, Ingrid Prkacin, Jerko Barbic, Zvonimir Sitas, Dunja Vujcic, Ivan Rychlik, Anna Benesova, Klara Drinovska, Karolina Kratka, Dita Maixnerova, Madis Ilmoja, Kristin Unt, Kadri Lilienthal, Asta Auerbach, Liisi Leis, Julia Piel, Annika Adoberg, Kulli Kolvald, Kristi Veermae, Kadri Telling, Elviira Seppet, Jana Uhlinova, Philippe Zaoui, Pierre Louis Carron, Ingrid Masson, Miriana Dinic, Damien Thibaudin, Christian Broyet, Nicolas Maillard, Hesham Mohey, Christophe Mariat, Guillaume Claisse, Eric Alamartine, Bertrand Dussol, Stephane Burtey, Noemie Chiche-Jourde, Jean Emmanuel Serre, Guillaume Jeantet, Leila Chenine, Anne Blanchard, Stephane Roueff, Eric Thervet, David Fouassier, Alexandre Buffet, Marine Livrozet, Roxane Gaisset, Alexandre Karras, Anne Elisabeth Heng, Cyril Garrouste, Carole Philipponnet, Clementine Nicolo, Alba Atenza, Camille Lanaret, Clarisse Greze, Valentin Mayet, Clement Dumond, Yahsou Delmas, Christian Combe, Claire Rigothier, Laure Burguet, Aurore Labat, Simon Mucha, Valérie de Précigout, Thomas Weinreich, Helmut Reichel, Diliana Draganova, Lothar Wolf, Bernd Hohenstein, 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Remuzzi, Erica Daina, Luigi Biancone, Loredana Colla, Manuel Burdese, Chiara Cogno, Elena Boaglio, Isabella Abbasciano, Carlotta Federica Zizzi, Paolo Randone, Pietro Napodano, Anna Ricchiuto, Matthias Cassia, Simone Accarino, Mario Cozzolino, Rocco Baccaro, Stefano Costanzi, Federica Di Maio, Maria Arena, Federica Urciuolo, Sara Vigano, Andrea Cavalli, Monica Limardo, Monica Bordoli, Serena Ponti, Selena Longhi, Andrea Solazzo, Francesco Giaroni, Gabriele Donati, Massimo Torreggiani, Davide Catucci, Marco Colucci, Vittoria Esposito, Ciro Esposito, Loreto Gesualdo, Flavia Capaccio, Emma Diletta Stea, Carmen Sivo, Francesca Annese, Federica Papadia, Piergiorgio Messa, Mirco Belingheri, Patrizia Passerini, Silvia Malvica, Alvita Vickiene, Urte Zakauskiene, Egle Asakiene, Inga Arune Bumblyte', Asta Stankuviene, Lina Santockiene, Ashik Hayat, Allister Williams, Peter Sizeland, Eddie Tan, Gerald Waters, Lai Wan Chan, Andrew Henderson, Angus Turnbull, Andrew McNally, Annie Reynolds, Helen 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Agapito Fonseca, Sara Goncalves, Ana Farinha, Patricia Valerio Santos, Ana Natario, Jose Carlos de Jesus Barreto, Catarina Abrantes, Elsa Sofia Quadrado Soares, Joana de Sousa Soares Felgueiras, Liliana Cunha, Lucia Parreira, Teresa Furtado, Alvaro Vaz, Kook Hwan Oh, Hajeong Lee, Se Joong Kim, Jong Cheol Jeong, Yeong Hoon Kim, Yunmi Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park, Hoon Young Choi, Hyung Wook Kim, Moon Hyoung Lee, Songuk Yoon, Kyu Beck Lee, Young Youl Hyun, Tae Hyun Yoo, Seung Hyeok Han, Jung Tak Park, Sunggyun Kim, Young Rim Song, Jwa Kyung Kim, Hyung seok Lee, Narae Joo, Jung Eun Lee, Hye Ryoun Jang, Junseok Jeon, Wookyung Chung, Hyun Hee Lee, Jae Hyun Chang, Ka Yeong Chun, Ji Yong Jung, Han Ro, Aejin Kim, Sang Kyung Jo, Jihyun Yang, Myung Gyu Kim, Se Won Oh, Caridad Martinez Villanueva, Ana Vilar Gimeno, Gustavo Andres Useche Bonilla, Esther Tamarit, Antonio Galan Serrano, Eduardo Verde Moreno, Jose Luño Fernandez, Maria Angeles Goicoechea Diezhandino, Ursula Verdalles Guzman, Ana Perez de Jose, Alberto Ortiz Arduan, María Vanessa Pérez Gómez, Catalina Martín Cleary, Raul Fernandez Prado, Elena Goma, Jose Ballarin, Montserrat Diaz Encarnacion, Iara Da Silva Santos, Helena Marco Rusinol, Monica Furlano, Carlos Arias, Clara Barrios, Eva Rodriguez Garcia, Adriana Sierra Ochoa, Belen Vizcaino Castillo, Jonay Pantoja Perez, Mercedes Gonzalez Moya, Mari Sargsyan, Emma Calatayud Aristoy, Ana Avila Bernabeu, Leticia Perez Lluna, Tamara Malek Marin, Maria Antonia Munar Vila, Ivon Maritza Bobadilla Rico, Natalia Allende Burgos, Eduardo Gutierrez Martinez, Elena Gutierrez Solis, Angel Sevillano, Evangelina Merida Herrero, Josep Miquel Blasco Pelicano, Lida Maria Rodas Marin, Luis F. Quintana, Maria Antonieta Azancot Rivero, Natalia Ramos Terrades, Clara Garcia Carro, Irene Agraz Pamplona, Mercedes Salgueira Lazo, Francisco de la Prada Alvarez, Fabiola Alonso Garcia, Wenceslao Adrian Aguilera Morales, Salia Virxinia Pol Heres, Angel Forcen, Eduardo Parra Moncasi, Cristina Medrano Villarroya, Alejandro Soria Villen, Olga Gracia Garcia, Mercedes Velo Plaza, Maria Dolores Sánchez de la Nieta, Marta Calvo Arevalo, Antolina Moreno, Secundino Cigarran Guldris, Manuel Pereira de Vicente, Maria Antonia Munar Vila, Bang Gee Hsu, Chih Hsien Wang, Cheng Hsu Chen, Tung Min Yu, Ming Ju Wu, Shang Feng Tsai, Chia Tien Hsu, Hsien Fu Chiu, Kang Ju Chou, Hua Chang Fang, Po Tsang Lee, Hsin Yu Chen, Chien Liang Chen, Chien Wei Huang, Shih Hsiang Ou, Tzung Yo Ho, Chih Yang Hsu, Ming Shan Chang, Yen Ling Chiu, Yu Sen Peng, Kai Hsiang Shu, Szu Yu Pan, Shih Ping Hsu, Ju Yeh Yang, Mei Fen Pai, Po Yu Tseng, Hon Yen Wu, Wan Chuan Tsai, Kuei Ting Tung, Hung Yuan Chen, Hung Chun Chen, Mei Chuan Kuo, Daw Yang Hwang, Yi Wen Chiu, Chi Chih Hung, Hung Tien Kuo, Jer Chia Tsai, Kieran McCafferty, Suzanne Forbes, Indranil Dasgupta, Mark Thomas, Amar Mahdi, Bamidele Ajayi, Paramit Chowdhury, Theodoros Kasimatis, Dimitrios Moutzouris, Caroline Dudreuilh, Rishi Pruthi, Nick Mansfield, Gabriel Doctor, Sapna Shah, Sui Kon, Priscilla Smith, Patrick Hamilton, Durga Kanigicherla, Omar Sherin Ibrahim Ragy, Bassam Alchi, Oliver Flossmann, Farid Ghalli, Sarah Lawman, Smeeta Sinha, Constantina Chrysochou, Chukwuma Chukwu, Aine Maire De Bhailis, Saif Al Chalabi, Amy Hudson, Arun Gopu, Olivia Wickens, Joshua Storrar, Mona Wahba, Nathan Lorde, Mohammad Rony, Sian Griffin, Farah Latif, Mohammad Ali, Louise DaSilva, Jonathan Ayling-Smith, Eamon Mahdi, Lisa Willcocks, Rachel Jones, Chee Kay Cheung, Haresh Selvaskandan, Dan Pugh, Matthew Sayer, Neeraj Dhaun, Fiona Chapman, Patrick Mark, Colin Geddes, Emily McQuarrie, Rajan Patel, Laurence Solomon, Arvind Ponnusamy, Adam Morris, Pedro Okoh, Lauren Floyd, Ajay Dhaygude, Janson Leung, Christopher Goldsmith, Bhavna Pandya, Didem Tez, Ashraf Mikhail, Karen Brown, Thomas Bucknall, Mark Lambie, Roderick Comunale, Donald Brandon, Stacy Martinez, Amanda Hall, Amy Henderson, Aaron Fearday, Nicole Douthit, Brian Snow, Arnold Silva, Cathylee Sly, Christopher Keller, Robert Davidson, Jerry Meng, Robert Haws, Siddhartha Kattamanchi, Javad Mojarrab, Unnikrishnan Pillai, Richard Lafayette, Michelle O'Shaughnessy, Fahameedah Kamal, Kshama Mehta, Bruce Baker, Mario Ruiz, Praveena Jyothinagaram, Usha Peri, William Paxton, James Tumlin, Kerri McGreal, Ellen McCarthy, Cassandra Kimber, Archana Gautam, Kassem Khalil, Viet Nguyen, Raffi Minasian, Dariush Arfaania, Sam Daneshvari, Michel Zakari, Artashes Patrikyan, Rouzbeh Afsari, Christine Ayvazyan, Faisal Fakih, Mark Lagatta, Alfred Rodriguez, Jorge Enrique Monroy Avella, Ramachandra Patak, Jigar Kadakia, Gerald Appel, Wooin Ahn, Bradley Nelson, Allyson Medina, Syeda Ahmad, Yonatan Peleg, Nisha Clement, Ian Chiu, Elizabeth Hendren, Andrew Bomback, Pietro Canetta, Bruce Spinowitz, Chaim Charytan, Nishita Parikh, Sheng Kuo, Ritesh Raichoudhury, Mirela Dobre, Lavinia Negrea, Aparna Padiyar, Arksarapuk Jittirat, Nishigandha Pradhan, Ranjit Dhelaria, Saravanan Balamuthusamy, Machaiah Madhrira, Thomas Powell, Howard Lifland, Asha Bailey, Sarah Ashley Ford Sightler, Meera Patel Suthar, Heather Green, Samir Parikh, Isabelle Ayoub, Salem Almaani, Gabriel Contreras, Alessia Fornoni, Yelena Drexler, Abdallah Geara, Brittany Sheridan, Gaia Coppock, Jonathan Hogan, Carlos Gonzalez, Shamik Bhadra, Pradip Chowdhury, Kay Kyaw, May Tan, Lathika Raakesh, Elder Mendoza, Veronica Viramontes, Asghar Chaudhry, Juan Carbonell, Rajdeep Gadh, Victor Fernandez, Mohamad Kassem, Radu Jacob, Karen Wilder, Britt Newsome, Kathryn Klamm, Irina Suyumova, Laura Ann Kooienga, Catherine Janko, Dana Rizk, Bruce Julian, Dawn Caster, Erika Perez, Gunjan Garg, Nayan Gowda, Suneel Udani, Sreedhar Mandayam, Biruh Workeneh, Ali Assefi, Barbara Greco, Michael Germain, Jusmin Patel, Sarah Quinn, James Sullivan, Jeffrey Glaze, Phillip Madonia, Kellyn McMahon, Harold Giles, Sharon Adler, Tiane Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sparsentan is a novel, non-immunosuppressive, single-molecule, dual endothelin and angiotensin receptor antagonist being examined in an ongoing phase 3 trial in adults with IgA nephropathy. We report the prespecified interim analysis of the primary proteinuria efficacy endpoint, and safety. Methods: PROTECT is an international, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled study, being conducted in 134 clinical practice sites in 18 countries. The study examines sparsentan versus irbesartan in adults (aged ≥18 years) with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy and proteinuria of 1·0 g/day or higher despite maximised renin-angiotensin system inhibitor treatment for at least 12 weeks. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive sparsentan 400 mg once daily or irbesartan 300 mg once daily, stratified by estimated glomerular filtration rate at screening (30 to 1·75 g/day). The primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline to week 36 in urine protein–creatinine ratio based on a 24-h urine sample, assessed using mixed model repeated measures. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were safety endpoints. All endpoints were examined in all participants who received at least one dose of randomised treatment. The study is ongoing and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03762850. Findings: Between Dec 20, 2018, and May 26, 2021, 404 participants were randomly assigned to sparsentan (n=202) or irbesartan (n=202) and received treatment. At week 36, the geometric least squares mean percent change from baseline in urine protein–creatinine ratio was statistically significantly greater in the sparsentan group (–49·8%) than the irbesartan group (–15·1%), resulting in a between-group relative reduction of 41% (least squares mean ratio=0·59; 95% CI 0·51–0·69; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1584-1594
Number of pages11
JournalThe Lancet
Volume401
Issue number10388
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2023

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Creatinine/urine
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Irbesartan/therapeutic use
  • Proteinuria/drug therapy
  • Treatment Outcome

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