Spatiotemporal impacts of urban structure upon urban land-use efficiency: Evidence from 280 cities in China

Xia Liao, Chuanglin Fang (Corresponding), Tianheng Shu, Yitian Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The looming challenge of global land scarcity entails shaping urban structure towards more efficient land use. To figure out how urban structure affects urban land-use efficiency (ULUE), this study first establishes a ULUE assessment method by applying the Super-SBM DEA model, and then characterizes the urban structure via two metrics of monocentricity and aggregation, and further employs GTWR model to examine the spatiotemporal impacts of urban structure upon ULUE. By setting up a four-year dataset for 280 Chinese cities, we found that urban structure does play significant implications for ULUE improvement and its impacts manifest explicit spatial-temporal variations in the context of urban China. The monocentric urban structure poses generally positive effects, while such driving effects saw a decrease in East and Central China in contrary to an increase in West China. Aggregation of urban structure poses a bidirectional (driving and suppressing) effect, while a drop in its driving effects and a growth in its suppressing effects are captured. Accordingly, from a monocentricity-aggregation bi-dimensional perspective, tailor-made urban planning strategies are recommended for improving individual city's ULUE. We tend to argue that land use policies need to be dynamically adjusted given the spatially varying and temporally evolving impacts of urban structure upon ULUE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102727
Number of pages13
JournalHabitat International
Early online date5 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Land use policy
  • Sustainable urban development
  • Urban land-use efficiency
  • Urban planning
  • Urban structure


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